Full Interpretation of "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Construction Industry"
1. The full text of the “13th Five-Year Plan” for the development of the construction industry was released
Recently, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development issued the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of the Construction Industry" to review the development achievements and existing problems of the construction industry, and proposed eight major reforms, six major goals, and nine major tasks for the development of the construction industry in the next five years. Key abstracts Promote openness and transparency in the bidding process. Promote intelligent and prefabricated buildings and increase policy support. Accelerate the promotion of Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology. Adhere to the reform direction of weakening enterprise qualifications and strengthening individual practice qualifications. Accelerate the revision of enterprise qualification standards and management regulations, simplify the setting of enterprise qualification categories and grades, and reduce unnecessary qualification certification. Comprehensively promote electronic examination and approval to improve the efficiency of administrative examination and approval. Severely crack down on renting and lending certificates. Accelerate the construction of the integrity system. Seriously investigate and punish enterprises and personnel who violate the laws and regulations of quality and safety, and strengthen accountability. Vigorously reduce the burden on enterprises. Completely complete the construction industry business tax to value-added tax reform, to ensure that the industry's tax burden will only decrease but not increase. Increase market development efforts. Fully grasp the strategic opportunity of “One Belt, One Road”.
2. Setting goals and setting up nine tasks
(1) Deepening the reform of the construction industry system and mechanism
Reform the supervision method of contract (issue) contract. Improve the engineering bidding and bidding supervision system, implement the tenderee responsibility system, simplify the bidding and bidding procedures, promote the electronicization of the whole process of bidding and bidding transactions, and promote the openness and transparency of the bidding and bidding process. Adjust and optimize the industrial structure. Encourage professional subcontracting based on technical expertise, integration of manufacturing and assembly, and process types, and promote the development of small and micro enterprises based on professional capabilities. Improve the development quality of the engineering consulting service industry. Reform the way of entrusting engineering consulting services, study and formulate consulting service technical standards and contract templates, guide capable enterprises to carry out integrated project management consulting services covering the entire life cycle of projects, and cultivate a group of international-level whole-process engineering consulting enterprises.
(2) Promote the modernization of the construction industry
Promote intelligent and prefabricated buildings. Encourage enterprises to carry out factory manufacturing, assembly construction, reduce construction waste, and promote the resource utilization of construction waste. Strengthen the role of technical standards in leading and guaranteeing. Strengthen the construction of modern standards for the construction industry, and build a rapid transformation mechanism for technological innovation and technical standard formulation. Strengthen key technology research and development support. Improve the collaborative innovation mechanism of government, industry, academia and research, focus on optimizing the research and development and application environment of new technologies, and summarize and promote advanced building technology systems for different types of building products.
(3) Promote building energy conservation and green building development
Improve building energy efficiency. Promote the general implementation of the mandatory standard of 75% energy saving in new urban residential buildings in the northern heating area. The government-invested public welfare public buildings and affordable housing shall take the lead in implementing green building standards, and encourage areas where conditions permit to fully implement green building standards. Promote building energy-saving technologies. Accelerate the transformation of mature building energy efficiency and green building technologies to standards. Accelerate the promotion of the evaluation and identification system for green buildings and green building materials. Promote the large-scale development of green buildings. Formulate and improve relevant standards, specifications and evaluation systems for green planning, green design, green construction, and green operation. Improve the supervision and management mechanism. Effectively perform the responsibility of building energy conservation and emission reduction supervision, build a building life-cycle energy-saving supervision system, and strengthen the supervision and inspection of the implementation of energy-saving standards in the whole process of project construction.
(4) Develop the construction industry workforce
Promote the organization and specialization of workers. Reform the construction employment system, and encourage construction enterprises to cultivate and absorb a certain number of their own skilled workers. Improve the skills training and appraisal system. Establish a pre-job training and job skills training system for construction workers guided by the government, led by enterprises, and participated by the society. Improve the rights protection mechanism. We will fully implement the labor contract system for construction workers, improve the wage payment guarantee system, implement the monthly salary settlement system, intensify the crackdown on wage arrears, and continuously improve the working and living environment of construction workers.
(5) Deepening the reform of "delegating power, delegating power, regulating services" in the construction industry
Improve the construction market access system. Adhere to the reform direction of weakening enterprise qualifications and strengthening individual practice qualifications, and gradually build a construction market access system that combines qualification licensing, credit constraints and economic checks and balances. Improve the project cost management system. Reform the qualification management of engineering cost enterprises, improve the qualification system for cost engineers, and establish a sound engineering cost management system that is compatible with the market economy. Promote the unified opening of the construction market. Break down the regional market access barriers, cancel the unreasonable access conditions for enterprises set by laws and regulations and the State Council in various regions and industries, and strictly prohibit the establishment of approval or filing items without authorization or in disguised form. Accelerate the construction of the integrity system. Strengthen contract performance management, and explore the use of contract performance guarantees, construction payment guarantees and other economic and legal means to restrain construction units and contractors from performing their contracts.
(6) Improve engineering quality and safety level
Strictly implement project quality and safety responsibilities. Fully implement the project quality and safety responsibilities of all parties, strengthen the primary responsibility of the construction unit and the main responsibility of the survey, design, construction, and supervision units. Comprehensively improve the level of quality supervision. Improve engineering quality laws, regulations and management systems, and improve the engineering quality assurance system in which enterprises are responsible, supervised by the government, and supervised by the society. Strengthen construction safety supervision. Improve the construction safety production related laws and regulations, management system and responsibility system. Promote the standardization of engineering construction. Build a new type of engineering construction standard system with clear levels and supporting connections.
(7) Promote the transformation and upgrading of construction enterprises
Deepen the reform of the enterprise property rights system. Establish a supervision and assessment mechanism for state-owned construction enterprises with the maintenance and appreciation of state-owned assets as the core, release enterprises' rights of independent management, human rights and resource allocation, straighten out and stabilize the distribution relationship, and establish a long-term mechanism to ensure the preservation and appreciation of state-owned assets. Vigorously reduce the burden on enterprises. Completely complete the reform of the construction industry business tax to value-added tax, strengthen investigation, research and follow-up analysis, improve relevant policies, and ensure that the industry's tax burden will only decrease but not increase. Enhance the independent innovation capability of enterprises. Encourage enterprises to adhere to independent innovation, and guide enterprises to establish a working mechanism and incentive system for independent innovation.
(8) Actively explore the international market
Increase market development efforts. Fully grasp the strategic opportunity of "One Belt, One Road", increase market expansion efforts, increase international market share, and build the "Made in China" brand. Improve risk prevention and control capabilities. Strengthen the financial management of overseas investment of enterprises and prevent financial risks of overseas investment. Strengthen policy support. Increase financial support, give full play to the role of various financial instruments, and focus on supporting major strategic projects in the construction field in foreign economic cooperation.
(9) Give full play to the role of industry organization services and self-discipline
Give full play to the self-discipline role of industry organizations in formulating industry norms and codes of conduct for employees, regulating industry order, promoting corporate integrity management, and fulfilling social responsibilities, etc. The service ability of reflecting the demands of enterprises, feedback on the implementation of policies, and making policy suggestions.
3. Exclusive interpretation of these contents, you can't help but know
Main content: The total output value of the construction industry completed by the national qualified general construction contracting and professional contracting enterprises has an average annual increase of 13.48%, and the added value of the construction industry has an average annual increase of 8.99%. In 2015, the added value of the construction industry in the whole society was 4,654.7 billion yuan, accounting for 6.79% of the GDP; the number of employees in the construction industry reached 50.937 million, accounting for 6.58% of the national total.
Analysis: The "Opinions on Promoting the Sustainable and Healthy Development of the Construction Industry" issued by the State Council not long ago clearly pointed out that the construction industry is a pillar industry of the national economy. Judging from the results of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the pillar status of the construction industry is indeed well-deserved. In this year's government work report, it is particularly emphasized to promote the reform and development of the construction industry, so what are the main problems the construction industry is facing now?
The development of the industry is extensive.
The skills of construction workers are not high.
The supervision system and mechanism are not perfect.
Obviously, the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period is a period of coexistence of opportunities and challenges, and the above-mentioned issues will also be the key areas for the reform and development of the construction industry. So what are the goals for the development of the construction industry in the past five years?
Main content: The total output value of the national construction industry has an average annual growth rate of 7%, and the added value of the construction industry has an average annual growth rate of 5.5%. By 2020, the number of construction workers above the mid-level skill level in the construction industry will reach 3 million. All new civil buildings in cities and towns meet the requirements of energy-saving standards, and the area of prefabricated buildings accounts for 15% of the new buildings. Accelerate the revision of laws and regulations such as the Construction Law, and strengthen the supervision of project quality and safety.
Analysis: Seeing this, you must be most concerned about what measures the government will take to achieve these goals? These new changes in the fields of corporate qualifications, labor employment system reform, architect responsibility system, and construction industry business tax reform need to be focused on.
Main content: Adhere to the reform direction of weakening enterprise qualifications and strengthening individual practice qualifications, and gradually build a construction market access system that combines qualification licensing, credit constraints and economic checks and balances.
Accelerate the revision of enterprise qualification standards and management regulations, simplify the setting of enterprise qualification categories and grades, and reduce unnecessary qualification certification.
Carry out pilot projects in some regions, and enterprises with good credit, relevant professional and technical capabilities, and able to provide full performance guarantees, relax the restrictions on the scope of contracted businesses within their qualification categories.
Improve the individual practice qualification system, optimize the setting of individual practice qualifications in the construction field, strictly implement the rights, obligations and responsibilities of registered practitioners, increase the investigation of practice responsibilities, and severely crack down on leasing and lending certificates. Orderly develop individual practice firms, and promote the establishment of an individual practice insurance system.
Analysis: Weakening enterprise qualifications is not simply de-qualification. In the new access system, qualifications, credit, and economic checks and balances are indispensable.
The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development has never weakened the crackdown on the behavior of listing certificates. The special emphasis this time makes people look forward to it. Will there be more stringent measures in the future?
Main content: Promote the organization and specialization of workers. Reform the organizational form of construction labor, support labor teams to set up professional enterprises focusing on work such as carpentry, electrician, masonry, and steel making, and encourage existing professional enterprises to do specialization and refinement, and form a new type of building with complete specialties, reasonable division of labor, and supporting facilities. Industry organizational structure
Analysis: Let professional people do professional things, which is also an important step to promote the transformation of workers into industrial workers.
Main content: Improve the registered architect system, and explore the implementation of the architect responsibility system in civil construction projects.
Analysis: The internationally accepted architect responsibility system is really coming, are the majority of architects ready? The implementation of this system will surely further simplify the government approval process in construction activities, and strengthen and expand the architect's right to speak and status , making the entire construction process more professional and efficient.
Main content: Promote the development of prefabricated concrete structures, steel structures and modern wood structures. Guide new public buildings to give priority to steel structures. Encourage scenic spots and rural buildings to promote the use of modern wooden structures.
Analysis: Compared with traditional wooden structures, modern wooden structures have undergone great changes and improvements in material usage, construction methods, safety and lifespan. This is also the reason why the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development advocates the promotion of wood-structured buildings according to local conditions.
Main content: Liberalize the enterprise's right to operate independently, the right to employ and allocate resources. Scientifically and steadily advance the pace of reform of the property rights system, improve the rational flow mechanism of state-owned capital, introduce social capital, allow management, technology, capital and other factors to participate in income distribution, and explore effective ways to develop a mixed-ownership economy.
Analysis: The core of power of a formal construction enterprise in operation, employment and resource allocation. Without delegating power, enterprises will have no vitality and will not be able to attract social capital, and it will be impossible to talk about mixed ownership reform.
Main content: Completely complete the construction industry business tax to value-added tax reform, strengthen investigation and research and follow-up analysis, improve relevant policies, and ensure that the industry's tax burden will only be reduced rather than increased. Gradually implement the system of project payment guarantee, advance payment guarantee, contract performance guarantee, maintenance fund guarantee and other systems.
Analysis: According to the latest announcement of the State Administration of Taxation, starting from June 1, the construction industry will be included in the pilot scope of small-scale VAT taxpayers issuing special VAT invoices on their own. Substantial steps have been taken to reduce but not increase the burden on enterprises.
Interpretation of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of the Construction Industry" from the Perspective of Construction Enterprises
1. The traditional construction market will experience negative growth, and traditional enterprises may face the embarrassing situation of waiting for death without transformation, or seeking death after transformation
The "Planning" proposes that during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the total output value of the national construction industry will increase by 7% annually, and by 2020, the area of prefabricated buildings will account for 15% of the area of new buildings. This will mean that the traditional construction market space will be further compressed, and construction companies with cast-in-place production methods will face greater survival pressure.
At the same time, the prefabricated production method also faces many problems from the current situation, such as: large initial cost investment, high production cost, and user acceptance needs to be improved. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the construction industry will change from traditional production methods to assembly. In the important stage of the transformation of the traditional construction method, construction companies will face the embarrassing situation of waiting for death without transformation, and seeking death after transformation. Construction companies need to be cautious, and the final result still needs to be tested in practice.
2. The bidding method will change, and the market competition environment will improve
In the housing construction projects with private investment, the construction unit independently decides the contracting method. Promote the electronization of the whole process of tendering and bidding transactions, and promote the openness and transparency of the tendering and bidding process. While implementing the lowest bid in principle, the lowest bid on the basis of providing performance guarantees shall be implemented to restrict malicious low bid bids.
3. The enterprise qualification standard will be revised again, and the qualification will be weakened
Adhere to the reform direction of weakening enterprise qualifications and strengthening individual practice qualifications, and gradually build a construction market access system that combines qualification licensing, credit constraints and economic checks and balances. Reform the qualification management system of construction engineering enterprises, speed up the revision of enterprise qualification standards and management regulations, simplify the setting of enterprise qualification categories and grades, and reduce unnecessary qualification certification. According to the content of the "Plan", the following three important information are revealed:
1. There will be major adjustments to the qualification standards, and the categories of qualifications will be reduced;
2. The investigation and punishment of "exhibited certificates" will be stronger, and the punishment will be stronger;
3. Whether it is an enterprise qualification declaration or a personal practice, credit will become an important consideration.
4. Promote the unified opening of the construction market
Break down the regional market access barriers, cancel the unreasonable access conditions set by the laws and regulations and the State Council for enterprises in various regions and industries, and strictly prohibit the establishment of approval or filing items without authorization or in disguised form. Increase the information disclosure and accountability of market barriers and obstacles in various regions, and provide a fair market environment for construction enterprises.
5. Explore the guarantee for payment of project funds, and the rights and interests of construction enterprises will be guaranteed
Strengthen contract performance management, and explore the use of economic and legal means such as contract performance guarantees and project payment guarantees to restrain construction units and contractors from performing their contracts. Guide construction units and other market entities to comprehensively use credit evaluation results through market-oriented operations, and create a construction market environment where "one place is untrustworthy and everywhere is restrained".
6. Strengthening construction safety supervision
strengthen the depth