When China enters the "Belt and Road", the building decoration industry welcomes long-term benefits
The basic meaning and route of the Belt and Road
The basic meaning of "One Belt One Road"
"The Belt and Road" refers to the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road respectively. As a national strategy initiated by China and promoted by high-level officials, the "Belt and Road" has far-reaching strategic significance for my country's modernization drive and its leading position in the world.
The “One Belt, One Road” strategy specifically includes the following routes:
China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Belt: mainly through the Bohai Rim, the northeast region and the transportation and energy channels of Russia, Mongolia and other countries, connecting Japan and South Korea to the east, and connecting Europe through Russia to the west.
New Eurasian Land Bridge Economic Belt: connecting Kazakhstan and Central Asia, West Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and other countries through Xinjiang to the west through the original Eurasian Land Bridge.
China-South Asia-West Asia Economic Belt: connecting Pakistan, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore and other countries through Yunnan and Guangxi; connecting Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, etc. through the southern branch of the Asia-Europe Land Bridge nation.
Maritime strategic fortresses: Ports, coastal areas and islands in the Bohai Rim, Yangtze River Delta, West Coast of the Strait, Pearl River Delta, Beibu Gulf and other regions are connected to coastal countries or regions such as the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
Key Points of Xi Jinping's "One Belt, One Road" Forum Keynote Speech
[World economic growth needs new impetus, and development requires more inclusive benefits and balance] President Xi Jinping said that world economic growth requires new impetus, and development requires more inclusive benefits and balance; the gap between the rich and the poor needs to be bridged; Terrorism is spreading and raging; the deficit of peace, development and governance is a serious challenge facing all mankind.
[The Belt and Road Initiative can be used as a supplement to the development plans of other countries] President Xi Jinping said at the opening ceremony of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation that global trade needs new impetus and inequality must be reduced; Supplement to the plan.
[All parties have achieved the effect of "one plus one is greater than two" through policy docking] President Xi Jinping said that a batch of docking cooperation agreements and action plans will be signed during the forum, and more than 60 countries and international organizations will jointly issue the promotion of the "Belt and Road Initiative". "One Road" trade unimpeded cooperation initiative; all parties have achieved the effect of "one plus one is greater than two" through policy docking.
[AIIB has provided US$1.7 billion in loans for the construction of the "Belt and Road"] President Xi Jinping said that the AIIB has provided US$1.7 billion in loans for 9 projects in participating countries in the construction of the "Belt and Road", and the "Silk Road Fund" has invested 40 million US dollars in loans. The "16+1" financial holding company between China and Central and Eastern Europe was officially established.
[A complex infrastructure network is being formed] President Xi Jinping said that at present, the economic corridors such as China-Pakistan, China-Mongolia-Russia, and the New Eurasian Continental Bridge are the guide, with land, sea and air passages and information highways as the skeleton, and railways, Relying on major projects such as ports and pipeline networks, a complex infrastructure network is being formed.
[Confirmation of the framework of the six major economic corridors of the "Belt and Road"] President Xi Jinping said that the framework of the six major economic corridors of the "Belt and Road" has been confirmed; to promote the cooperation between government and social capital, and to build a diversified and multi-level capital market.
[Facility connectivity is the foundation of cooperative development] President Xi Jinping said that facility connectivity is the foundation of cooperative development. We must focus on promoting the four-in-one connectivity of land, sea, sky and online, focusing on key channels, key cities, and key projects. Linking overland road, rail road networks and maritime port networks.
[China will add 100 billion yuan to the Silk Road Fund] President Xi Jinping said that China will add 100 billion yuan to the Silk Road Fund, and encourage financial institutions to carry out RMB overseas fund business, with a scale of about 300 billion yuan; China Development Bank 250 billion yuan and 130 billion yuan worth of special loans will be provided respectively to support the "Belt and Road" infrastructure construction, production capacity, and financial cooperation.
[China will host the China International Import Expo from 2018] President Xi Jinping said that during this forum, China will sign economic and trade cooperation agreements with more than 30 countries, and negotiate free trade agreements with relevant countries. China will host it from 2018. China International Import Expo.
[Constructing more livelihood projects] Chinese President Xi Jinping said that China will provide 60 billion yuan in assistance to developing countries and international organizations participating in the construction of the "Belt and Road" in the next three years. Provide 1 billion US dollars to implement a number of cooperation projects that benefit countries along the route.
With the further development of the "Belt and Road" strategy in the future, more countries and regions will join in the economic and trade cooperation with China, and the "Belt and Road" will profoundly change the world economic map.
Inventory of the relevant policies of the "Belt and Road" construction of eight ministries and commissions
Ministry of Commerce: Continue to promote the construction of overseas economic and trade cooperation zones
In 2017, the Ministry of Commerce will take the "Belt and Road" construction as the guide to guide Chinese enterprises to actively and steadily build cooperation zones according to the actual needs of the host country. As of the end of 2016, Chinese enterprises were building 77 cooperation zones in 36 countries, with a cumulative investment of US$24.19 billion, 1,522 enterprises in the zone, a total output value of US$70.28 billion, paying taxes and fees of US$2.67 billion to the host country, and creating 212,000 local jobs. It has played a positive role in promoting the industrial upgrading of the host country and the development of bilateral economic and trade relations.
National Development and Reform Commission: Establishing the Belt and Road PPP working mechanism with 13 departments
In January 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Agriculture, the People's Bank of The head office and other 13 departments and units jointly established the “Belt and Road” PPP working mechanism, strengthened cooperation with countries along the route in infrastructure and other fields, actively promoted the PPP model, encouraged and helped Chinese enterprises to go global, and promoted the implementation of relevant infrastructure projects as soon as possible. .
China Insurance Regulatory Commission: Support insurance funds to invest in PPP projects through infrastructure investment plans
In April 2017, the "Guiding Opinions of the China Insurance Regulatory Commission on the Insurance Industry Serving the "Belt and Road" Construction" was released to promote the insurance industry to provide comprehensive services and guarantee the "Belt and Road" construction. The opinion pointed out that the insurance industry should fully understand the importance of serving the "Belt and Road" construction, adhere to the "insurance industry name insurance", actively serve the overall situation, actively meet various security needs and financing needs in the process of the "Belt and Road" construction, and strive to make Insurance has become an important support for the construction of the "Belt and Road".
In May 2017, the "Notice on Matters Concerning the Investment of Insurance Funds in Public-Private Partnership Projects" was released, aiming to promote innovation in financing methods for public-private partnership (PPP) projects and better support the development of the real economy.
Ministry of State Security: "Belt and Road" security cooperation dialogue to create a community of shared future for countries along the route
In May 2017, the "Belt and Road" Security Cooperation Dialogue between the Ministry of State Security and more than 20 national security departments was held in Beijing. Meng Jianzhu, Member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Secretary of the Political and Legal Committee of the CPC Central Committee, met with the heads of delegations from all countries. State Councilor and Minister of Public Security Guo Shengkun attended the opening ceremony and delivered a speech. The dialogue meeting aims to promote "all parties to establish the concept of common security and cooperative security, establish and improve the 'Belt and Road' security cooperation mechanism, tap cooperation resources and potentials, vigorously strengthen practical cooperation in counter-terrorism, overseas interest protection and security, and continuously improve security cooperation. level."
General Administration of Customs: Measures to support the development of 7 newly established pilot free trade zones
In April 2017, the General Administration of Customs issued measures to support the construction and development of 7 newly established pilot free trade zones in Liaoning, Zhejiang, Henan, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan and Shaanxi, respectively, and formulated measures for the seven newly established pilot free trade zones. 25 support measures in 5 areas, covering the comprehensive replication and promotion of the experience of the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone; comprehensively deepening reforms and expanding opening up; Strategic deployments such as “Rise Strategy” and “Western Development”; serve the reform needs of the Pilot Free Trade Zone and implement the innovation of the customs supervision system and the safe and efficient supervision of the customs.
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine: Solve the problem of transit quarantine for the "Belt and Road" outbound trains
The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine has focused on serving the “Belt and Road”, and has provided a lot of technical support, solving inspection and quarantine problems for many outbound trains. After the opening of the "Belt and Road", many outbound trains encountered inspection and quarantine problems due to strict inspection and quarantine systems for food and agricultural products in each country. The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine has studied the inspection and quarantine policy to provide convenience for it. Zhi Shuping, director of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, said, "For example, German pork travels all the way from Germany to Chengdu, Sichuan. We have negotiated the inspection and quarantine issues between countries in between."
Ministry of Education: It has signed agreements on mutual recognition of academic degrees and degrees with 24 countries along the “Belt and Road”
As of April 2017, the Ministry of Education has signed agreements on mutual recognition of academic degrees and degrees with 46 countries and regions, including 24 countries along the “Belt and Road” initiative, which further strengthens the educational interconnection and cooperation between my country and other countries.
In addition, in April 2017, the Ministry of Education signed a memorandum of understanding on international cooperation in the “One Belt, One Road” educational initiative with six provinces (autonomous regions) and cities including Inner Mongolia, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Shaanxi, Qinghai, and Qingdao. Since September 2016, the Ministry of Education has successively signed a memorandum of cooperation with 8 provinces (regions) including Gansu, Ningxia, Fujian, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hainan, Xinjiang and Guangxi. In 2017, in order to prepare for the "Belt and Road" International Cooperation Summit Forum, the Ministry of Education will promote the signing of contracts with the remaining strategic node provinces, and comprehensively build a provincial-ministerial cooperation promotion platform.
Ministry of Culture: Issue an action plan to draw a roadmap for the cultural construction of the "Belt and Road"
In January 2017, the Ministry of Culture's "One Belt, One Road" Cultural Development Action Plan (2016-2020) was announced, drawing a roadmap for the in-depth development of the "One Belt, One Road" cultural construction work. The action plan specifically includes the "Belt and Road" international exchange mechanism construction plan, the "Belt and Road" domestic cooperation mechanism construction plan, the "Belt and Road" country Chinese cultural center construction plan, the "Belt and Road" cultural exchange and cooperation platform construction plan, the "Silk There are 12 sub-plans including the “Road Cultural Journey” plan and the “Silk Road Cultural Industry Belt” construction plan.
"The Belt and Road" brings long-term benefits to the building decoration industry
Since the new US President Trump took office, he has focused on promoting the return of manufacturing to the United States, and the tendency of trade protectionism has become more and more obvious. We believe that the US, as the world's largest economy, its trade policy has a huge impact on the global economy, and its drive to rise in trade protectionism may force countries that previously relied on international trade to drive economic growth to return to the country, and the global infrastructure boom may advent.
The countries along the “Belt and Road” are mainly developing countries, and the demand for infrastructure construction is huge, which has laid a good international environment for domestic construction companies to “go global” and continue to increase infrastructure cooperation with countries along the route.
According to the spokesperson of the Ministry of Commerce, in the future construction of the "Belt and Road", market-oriented operation will be the main focus, and enterprises will play the main role in project construction. We believe that the marketization of the “Belt and Road” will bring substantial positive benefits to the performance of participating companies.
For the building decoration industry, which is in the downstream of the infrastructure industry, with the decline of domestic fixed asset investment, the problem of overcapacity in my country's construction industry is becoming more and more serious, and the competition in the domestic decoration industry is becoming more and more intensified. "Going out" is regarded as the development of decoration enterprises. A major breakthrough, and the "Belt and Road" will detonate the long-term benefits of the industry.
While the public opinion is generally praised, there are also people who wonder: what benefits does China have in building the "Belt and Road" with so much effort? What dividends does the construction industry have? In fact, this "Project of the Century" can not only bring tangible benefits to China The benefits of being here will benefit the countries along the route and the world even more. It’s still the same saying, if you want to get rich, build roads first!
The Joint Communiqué of the Roundtable Summit of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation pointed out in terms of infrastructure:
Promote pragmatic cooperation in the fields of roads, railways, ports, maritime and nuclear transportation, aviation, energy pipelines, electricity, submarine cables, optical fibers, telecommunications, information and communication technology, etc. Model comprehensive corridors and international backbone corridors, and gradually build an international infrastructure network.
Maximize the synergy of infrastructure planning and construction by drawing on relevant international standards and, if necessary, unifying planning systems and technical standards; fostering a favorable and predictable environment for private capital investment in infrastructure; The field of efficiency promotes public-private partnerships; international financial institutions are welcome to strengthen their support and investment in infrastructure development.
It can be said that according to the joint communiqué of the Roundtable Summit of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation released on the 15th, all parties have reached 14 cooperation measures. According to these measures, they will work together to promote the construction of the Belt and Road Initiative and strengthen the connection of the interconnection initiatives. This has provided new opportunities and injected new impetus to international cooperation, helping to promote an open, inclusive and inclusive globalization.
Building decoration enterprises should "go out", "go in" and "go up"
Integrating into the "Belt and Road" construction, Chinese building decoration enterprises should be more active in "going out", "going in" and "going up". Focus on the following aspects:
First, strengthen the soft power of the company and take the lead in international operation management and brand building. In terms of international operation and management, the Company has improved its transnational index and made substantial breakthroughs in global layout, integration of global resources, and creation of a global industrial chain. At the same time, it is necessary to vigorously implement the "One Belt, One Road" brand strategy and accurately grasp the brand positioning. While strengthening independent innovation, we always pursue high quality. Let soft power such as brand and quality help Chinese enterprises win the hearts and minds of the people and the market.
Second, we must attach importance to professional service industries such as law, media, finance, accounting, design, and consulting. Professional service industry is an important part of modern service industry. Judging from the experience of developed western countries, the professional service industry not only directly creates economic value, but is also conducive to promoting economic restructuring and industrial optimization and upgrading, helping these countries to firmly grasp the institutional voice in global economic governance. Chinese enterprises should make up for the shortage of talents in the professional service industry, and should truly recognize the value of the professional service industry in concept.
Third, it is necessary to promote the coordination and linkage between state-owned enterprises and private enterprises. In the construction of the "Belt and Road", state-owned enterprises are the main force, and private enterprises are the new force. The two are indispensable and require coordinated development. It should be noted that the construction of the "Belt and Road" requires the rise of Chinese enterprises in groups, rather than the development of groups of three or two or three or five. Chinese enterprises should avoid such bad behavior as crowding out, slandering, and lowering prices, and jointly build the golden signboard of "Chinese enterprises".
In the process of "One Belt, One Road" construction, Chinese building decoration enterprises must not only "convincing people with reason", but also "convincing people with benefits" and "convincing people with examples", and effectively promote the implementation of key projects and infrastructure.